Introduction to Writing
Capitalization, Abbreviations, and Indentation
Quiz: Introduction to Writing
Writing a Sentence
Eventos semanales de English Academy
Parts of speech
Types of Sentences
Quiz: Writing a Sentence
Writing a Paragraph
Quiz: Writing a Paragraph
Writing a Text
A Day in My Life
Quiz: Writing a Text
Writing an Email
Quiz: Writing an Email
Other Types of Writing
End of the course
The parts of speech are the categories of the words in traditional English grammar. We can divide them into eight main groups (or nine, if you count determiners): nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.
The following chart contains the parts of speech, their functions, and some examples of words and sentences.
|PART OF SPEECH||FUNCTION||EXAMPLE||EXAMPLE|
|NOUN||Names, places, things, or ideas.||Daniel / New York / dog / notebook / music||Daniel lives in New York. He likes to listen to music.|
|PRONOUN||Replaces nouns and other pronouns.||I / she / they / him / them / who / some / this||Daniel lives in New York. He likes to listen to music.|
|VERB||Action or state of being. It tells what happens in the sentence.||be / go / eat / work / play / like / study / write / read / speak / watch / listen / live||Daniel lives in New York. He likes to listen to music.|
|ADJECTIVE||Describes, modifies, or gives information about nouns and pronouns.||hot / nice / big / wrong / intelligent / beautiful / smart / interesting||I have a nice car. Mark is intelligent.|
|ADVERB||Describes verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.||happily / quickly / well / often / really / very / always / too||They always watch tv. You sing very well!|
|PREPOSITION||Links a noun or pronoun to other words in the sentence.||to / for / but / in / on / at / up / over / from / under / of / with / about / near||The pen is under the table. I go there on Friday.|
|CONJUNCTION||Connects words, clauses, phrases, and ideas in a sentence.||for / and / but / or / yet / with / is / as…as / because / while||I drink coffee and tea. He likes blue, but he doesn’t like green.|
|INTERJECTION||Expresses strong emotions or reactions.||oh / wow / ouch / aha / gosh / well / phew / whoops / hooray||Wow! That’s beautiful. Ouch! It hurts.|
There is a discussion about determiners being a part of speech since they have similar functions to adjectives, articles, and pronouns. There are four types of determiners in English: articles, demonstratives, quantifiers, and possessives.
|Specifies and identifies nouns and pronouns.|
|that / those / some / few / such / the / a / an|
|The dog is barking.|
|I have some oranges.|
As we saw with the determiners, many words in English have more than one job. For example, “close” can be a verb, a noun, an adjective, and even an adverb. The spelling is the same, but the meanings are different.
VERB: Can you please close the door?
NOUN: It came to a close.
ADJECTIVE: We are close friends.
ADVERB: Don’t be so close to each other.
It is crucial to understand the parts of speech, so you define the exact word order and the correct use of punctuation in a sentence.
Now, try to write sentences using as many parts of speech as you can. Here is an example: