Infinitive vs. gerund
What will you learn about questions words and general truth
Infinitive vs Gerund - gerund overview
Infinitive vs Gerund - infinitive overview
Question words with infinitive
Future plans and intentions - 'plan/intend/mean to’
Talk about permission - 'allowed/permitted to'
Reading: Infinitive vs. Gerund
Quiz: Infinitive vs. gerund
Changing past states or situations - past continuous
Time-related modal verb - 'would / could'
Present perfect passive - 'yet / just / already'
Interactive Quiz - Modules 1 and 2
Quiz: Time-related states
Cause and Result
Purpose and intention - ‘(in order) / (so as) to’
Such (a/an) - results and consequences
Roleplay - Modules 1, 2, and 3
Quiz: Cause and Result
Prepositions - ‘except (for)’ and ‘apart from’
Prepositions - ‘as + noun'
General truths - ‘could’
Preferences - 'would rather... than'
Prohibition - 'may not'
Interactive Quiz - Modules 4 and 5
Quiz: Modal verbs
Quantifiers - ‘(a) little’ and ‘(a) few’
Roleplay - Modules 4, 5, and 6
See you next time!
There are several rules when we talk about gerunds and infinitives. Unfortunately, there is no easy way to know and memorize all the verbs, adjectives, nouns, and expressions followed by one or the other.
Below, we tried to address most cases where these verb forms should be used:
The verb form characterized by the ending -ing.
The gerund is made from a verb and is used like a noun. It should be used:
|appreciate||dispute||give up (stop)||put off||tolerate|
|be worth||endure||keep on||recollect||urge|
|celebrate||escape||mind (object to)||report|
My sister postponed working on the project.
They avoid going there.
|be good||can’t stand||how about||object to|
|be used to||can’t help||It is no use||there is no point (in)|
|be worth||feel like||look forward to||what about|
I can’t help listening to their conversation.
It was worth coming tonight.
I talked to her before leaving.
You cannot win without playing.
Sarah is tired of waiting for him.
He is afraid of losing her.
There is no interest in finding the answer.
Tell me the advantages of doing this.
I thought about asking him.
My mom insisted on telling me.
Running is a great exercise.
Painting is my favorite hobby.
You know I enjoy reading.
I miss staying home with you.
I go swimming every morning.
Would you like to come jogging with me?
The base form of a verb.
The infinitive can be used with or without to. It should be used:
It seems to be the wrong answer.
He promises to do it every time.
I’m happy to announce your promotion.
She was pleased to help her friend.
He is always the first to say no.
June was the last one to arrive.
I’m lost. I need to ask where to go.
You need to think about whom to invite.
I would like to move to another city.
I know she would hate to come.
She works hard to save money.
I’ll buy more books to read.
I don’t have anything to do later.
We must find somewhere to go after the party.
Infinitive without to:
This might be interesting.
Bob will talk to him later.
My dad made me come.
You make me feel good.
I would rather go home later.
You**’d better find** a new job.
Why pay that much?
Why not ask for help?
I didn’t hear you call me.
He watches his son play soccer on weekends.
You are late. Stand up and go!
I need to relax, to do something like watch TV.
She’ll come here rather than go there.
I’ll have a coke rather than drink a beer.
|can’t bear||continue l||ike||prefer||start|
|It refers to habitual action, to a past action. It means to forget or not what you did or what happened.||I forgot talking to him. (I don’t have the memory of talking to him before.)|
|It can refer to future action. It can also mean forgetting to do something.||I forgot to talk to him. (I didn’t talk to him because I forgot to do it.)|
|It means ‘to continue’.||He went on directing the movies. (He continued directing the movies.)|
|It refers to a change of action. When someone starts to perform a different action.||He went on to direct the movies. (He started something new.)|
|It means to stop doing something or leave a job or a place.||Sandy quit studying. (Sandy doesn’t study anymore.)|
|It means the purpose of someone stopping doing something or leaving a job or a place.||Sandy quit to study. (Sandy quit something in order to study.)|
|It means to regret having done something.||I regret telling you that. (I’m sorry that I told you that.)|
|It usually means regretting what is going to be reported. Most of the time, it is used when talking about bad news.||I regret to tell you that. (I’m telling you now, and I’m sorry.)|
|It refers to a past action. It means remembering having done something||I remembered going to my grandma’s. (I had memories of this time.)|
|It refers to future action. It means remembering to do something:||I remembered to go to my grandma’s. (I didn’t forget to go there.)|
|It means no longer performing an action.||She stopped calling him. (She stopped doing this activity)|
|It means stopping to do something.||She stopped to call him. (She interrupted another action in order to call him.)|
|It means trying, proving, doing something to see what will happen.||My brother tried closing the door. (This was one option I sampled.)|
|It means making an effort for something, trying to do something.||My brother tried to close the door. (My brother attempted this action but he didn’t succeed.)|