How to use Past Perfect structure

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Leitura

We use appear and seem to say how something looks or seems to look. We usually follow it by a to + infinitive:

Examples:

I appear to have lost my keys.

She seems to work very hard.

They appear to be ready for the trip.

He seems to be quite rich.

Appear or seem

We usually use ‚Äúappear‚ÄĚ to talk about facts and events. Even though we also use ‚Äúseem‚ÄĚ to talk about facts, we also use it to talk about personal feelings and ideas. Seem is often used with a noun:

My bike appears/seems to have broken down (fact or event)

It seemed a good idea at the moment.

Not: It appeared a good idea at the moment.

Can you make a sentence with the following images? Share your ideas in the comments section:


El pasado perfecto es una de las estructuras gramaticales más utilizadas y difíciles de comprender, al principio, en el idioma Inglés.

Recuerda brevemente cómo son los verbos en pasado participio:

Verb Past simple Past participle
Go Went Gone
Do Did Done
Take Took Taken
Give Gave Given

Características del pasado perfecto

  • Util√≠zalo para hablar acerca del tiempo en cierto punto del pasado.
    • She had sung with him when she was ten.
  • Util√≠zalo para referirte al orden de dos eventos del pasado.
    • By the time she arrived to her house, her friends had left.
  • Util√≠zalo para hablar de que una acci√≥n nunca ocurri√≥ porque ocurri√≥ otra primero.
    • The actor Paul Walker died before he had finished Fast and Furious 7.

Se construye con la estructura ‚ÄúHad + Verb (in past participle)‚ÄĚ. Puedes apoyarte de palabras como when o by the time para referirte al evento que sucede en segundo lugar.

Veamos algunos ejemplos:

  • The store had already closed by the time he arrived.
  • When I finished the book, the author had written another one.
  • I had already left the city when she called me to meet up.

Con paciencia, comprenderás el uso del pasado perfecto. Practica con algunos ejercicios y repasa la clase en algunos días para que reforzar los conocimientos.


Contribución creada por: Kevin Fiorentino.

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