Simple present: verb to be

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El tiempo presente simple se usa de dos maneras:

  • Con el** verbo to be**
  • Con otros verbos.

En esta oportunidad, vamos a estudiar el tiempo presente simple usando el verbo to be.

El verbo to be es muy importante y significa ser o estar. Este verbo adquiere tres formas en el tiempo presente simple:

  • Am
  • Is
  • Are

En la conjugaciĂłn de este verbo puedes verificar estas tres formas:

I am
You are
He is
She is
It is
You are
We are
They are

Cuándo se usa el verbo to be

El verbo to be se usa en las siguientes ocasiones:

  • Cuando quieres decir caracterĂ­sticas de las personas, por ejemplo:
    I am Peter.
    You are from Venezuela.
    He is 30 years old.

  • Para decir detalles acerca de las personas, incluyendo emociones y caracterĂ­sticas, por ejemplo:
    I am a man
    You are an important person
    He is happy

Uso del verbo to be en oraciones afirmativas

Estructura gramatical: Pronoun + to be + complement

I am happy / I’m happy.
You are happy / You’re happy.
He is happy / He’s happy.
She is happy / She’s happy.
You are happy / You’re happy.
We are happy / We’re happy.
They are happy / They’re happy.

Uso del verbo to be en oraciones negativas

Estructura gramatical: Pronoun + to be + not + complement

I am not happy / I’m not happy.
You are not happy / You aren’t happy.
He is not happy / He isn’t happy.
She is not happy / She isn’t happy.
You are not happy / You aren´t happy.
We are not happy / We aren’t happy.
They are not happy / They aren’t happy.

Uso del verbo to be en oraciones interrogativas

Estructura gramatical: To be + pronoun + complement + ?

En las oraciones interrogativas el orden de la estructura gramatical cambia. Primero se usa el verbo to be y después el pronombre.

Am I happy?
Are you happy?
Is he happy?
Is she happy?
Are you happy?
Are we happy?
Are they happy?

Otros ejemplos usando el verbo to be

  1. Is he an important person?
    • Yes, he is.
    • No, he isn´t (Negación en forma corta)
    • No, he isn’t an important person (Negación en forma larga)

  2. Am I a teacher?
    • Yes, you are.
    • No, you aren´t (Negación en forma corta)
    • No, you aren´t a teacher. (Negación en forma larga)

El pronombre IT se usa para referirse a animales, objetos o cosas. Por ejemplo:

A hamburger is delicious

  • Affirmative form: It is delicious.
  • Negative form: It isn’t delicious.
  • Interrogative form: Is it delicious?

Contribución creada con aportes de: Avilio Muñoz Vilchez

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Simple present Verb To Be

Affirmative sentences

  • I + am + Complement

  • He/She/It + is + Complement

  • You/We/They + are + Complement

  • Negative Sentences

  • I + am not + Complement

  • He/She/It + is not / isn’t + Complement

  • You/We/They + are not / aren’t + Complement

Interrogative Sentences

  • Am + I + Complement + ?
  • Is + He/she/It + Complement + ?
  • Are + You/We/They + Complement + ?